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22-5-17 | PhD student Melissa Verhoef gained doctorate in Sociology

The five empirical chapters of her dissertation reveal that the timing of work was especially relevant for parents’ childcare arrangements. Parents who worked during evenings, nights and weekends had more opportunities to care for their children themselves, whereas these working hours decreased parents’ likelihood of using formal and informal childcare. Although parents who worked during nonstandard hours were less likely to use these types of care, nonparental childcare contributes to the well-being of these parents, especially for fathers. Melissa Verhoef’s dissertation also provides more insights into the impact of formal childcare on children, by demonstrating that a more positive relationship between parents and caregivers was beneficial for children’s socioemotional well-being. By contrasting the Netherlands with Finland and the United Kingdom, her dissertation demonstrates that contextualization is needed when examining associations between work schedules, childcare arrangements and well-being.